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Qasar and Jama’

lady_reading_quran

Islam is a religion full of ease and compassion. Due to the inconveniences that a Muslim may experience during his or her travels, Allah (SWT) has made certain concessions to the traveller. These include allowing Muslim travellers to shorten and combine their salat.

Qasar is shortening fard (compulsory) salat of four raka’at, namely Zuhr, Asr and Isya’, into two raka’at. It is not applicable to Maghrib and Fajr. A Musafir is allowed to Qasar his or her salat regardless of whether or not he or she encounters any difficulty while travelling.

Rules for Qasar prayer:

  1. Involves only fard salat of four raka’at (namely Zuhr, Asr and Isya’).
  2. For Maghrib combined with Isya’, Maghrib has to be done in full and Isya’ in two raka’at.
  3. Journey must be at least two marhalah or 89km.
  4. Niyyat (intention) for travel must be a virtuous one.
  5. Certain of one’s destination.
  6. Salat not led by a local resident (Tamam).
  7. Niyyat for Qasar must be done during Takbiratul Ihram.
  8. Remain a musafir throughout salat.

Example of Niyyat for Qasar:

niat_qasar
‘I intend to pray fard Zuhr two raka’at Qasar for Allah Ta’ala.’

Jama’ is combining Zuhr with Asr salat (Jama’ Taqdim) and Maghrib with Isya’ salat (Jama’ Ta’khir). It is not applicable to Fajr. A Musafir is allowed to Jama’ his or her salat regardless of whether he or she is on the move or during a stopover, and combine it with Qasar.

Rules for Jama’ Taqdim:

  1. Performed within Zuhr (or Maghrib) time frame.
  2. Must perform the earlier salat first (Zuhr or Maghrib).
  3. Niyyat for Jama’ must be done during Takbiratul Ihram for the earlier salat.
  4. The two jama’ salat must be performed one after the other.
  5. Must remain a musafir throughout prayer.

Example of Niyyat for Jama’ Taqdim:

niat_taqdim
‘I intend to pray fard Zuhr two raka’at Qasar and Jama’ with fard Asr for Allah Ta’ala.’

After completing the first salat, perform immediately the second salat with the niyyat (example):
niat_taqdim_2
‘I intend to pray fard Asr two raka’at Qasar for Allah Ta’ala.’

Rules for Jama’ Ta’khir:

  1. Performed within Asr (or Isya’) time frame.
  2. Niyyat within the heart during Zuhr (or Maghrib) time frame that the salat will be performed during Asr (or Isya’) time frame.
  3. Must perform the earlier salat first (Zuhr or Maghrib).
    1. Niyyat for Jama’ Takhir during Takbiratul Ihram for the earlier salat.
    2. Must remain in musafir mode throughout prayer.

Example of Niyyat for Jama’ Ta’khir:

‘I intend to pray fard Zuhr two raka’at Qasar and Jama’ with fard Asr for Allah Ta’ala.’

After completing the first salat, perform the second salat with the niyyat (example):
niat_takhir_2
‘I intend to pray fard Asr two raka’at Qasar for Allah Ta’ala.’

Note: A male Musafir can also Qasar and combine Asr salat with Jum’at (Friday) prayer which must be done during Friday prayer.